QUALITY OF HIS TRADITIONS
The good tact does not accept many of Abu Hurayra's styles of traditions and the scientific and mental criteria do not assent to them. Here are forty of his traditions in front of you. Let you ponder on them with our annotations prudently and impartially, and then you can show your point of view.
1. Allah created Adam like His own image
The two sheikhs; al-Bukhari and Muslim 1 mentioned a tradition narrated by Abdur-Razak from Ma'mar from Humam bin Munabbih that Abu Hurayra had said: "The Prophet (s) said: "Allah had created Adam like His own image in sixty cubits long." Ahmad added from another way by Sa'eed bin al-Musayyab that Abu Hurayra had said: "..and seven cubits wide. When Allah had finished creating him, He said to him: Go and greet those sitting angels and listen to what they will greet you with. It will be your and your progeny's greeting. Adam went and said to them: As-salamu alaykum (peace be upon you). They said: As-salamu alayk wa rahmatullah. They added (wa rahmatullah-and the mercy of Allah). Every one entered Paradise was like Adam in sixty cubits long. The human beings began to grow less gradually until nowadays."
This could never be ascribed to Prophet Muhammad (s) or any of the other prophets nor to their guardians. Perhaps Abu Hurayra learnt that from the Jews by his friend Ka'bul Ahbar or some one else. The content of this tradition is exactly the same as the twenty-seventh paragraph of the first chapter of the Hebrew Scriptures (the Old Testament). Here is the text as it is: (Allah had created man like
1. Refer to al-Bukhari`s sahih, vol.4, p.p.57, Muslim`s sahih, vol.2, p.p.481 and Ahmed`s Musnad, vol. 2, p.p. 315.
2. Irshad as-sari, vol.7,p.p.90.
3. He quoted many things from them, like his saying:Sayhan, jayhan, the Euphrates and the Nile of Egypt all are parts of paradise. It was mentioned by al-Khateeb in his book History of Baghdad, vol.2, p.p. 235. It was quoted from from the Old Testament.
His own image. Like the image of Allah He had created him. Male and female He had created them).
Glorified is Allah than to describe Him with imaging, limitation and likeness. Be He exalted and they lost who ascribed that to Him. They might interpret the tradition by ascribing the pronoun (his image) to Adam himself not to Allah. Then the meaning would be that Allah had created Adam in Paradise in an image same to that when he descended to the earth. That Allah had completed him in one time and made him sixty cubits long and seven cubits wide, the same image, which his offspring on the earth saw, and he did not advance from a state to another. Adam was not a seed then became a clot then a lump of flesh then bones clothed with flesh then a fetus then a suckling infant then a weaned child then a teenager then a man with the normal length and width.
This what they, who glorify Allah and deny embodying Him, can say to interpret this tradition. But it was narrated by Abu Hurayra in these words: "Adam had been created corresponding to the image of the Beneficent (Allah)." 1 Abu Hurayra had another tradition saying: "Prophet Moses (s) beat the rock with his stick for the Israelites and water gushed out. He said to them: "Drink water, donkeys." Then Allah revealed to him: "You intended to compare the human beings, whom I had created according to My image, to donkeys." 2
This embarrassed those who defended Abu Hurayra and made them give in to this (pronoun) looking for another interpretation.
They interpreted Abu Hurayra's sayings: (Allah had created Adam according to His image) and (Adam had been created according to the image of the Beneficent) and in his tradition about
1. Al-Qastalani mentioned this tradition in his book Irshad as sari, vol. 10, p.p. 491 and said that the pronoun(his) in Abu Hurayra`s tradition (Allah had created Adam according to his image..), referred to Allah and not to Adam.
2. Ibn Qutayba mentioned this tradition in his book (Interpretation of different traditions) .p.p.280, and made it as evidence that the pronoun(his)in Abu Hurayra`s saying: (Allah had created Adam according to His image)referred to Allah and not Adam.
Moses (I had created them according to my image) that Allah had created Adam and his progenies according to the attributes of Allah. Allah is alive, hearer, seer, talker, aware, willing and disliker. So He had given these attributes to Adam and his progeny.
They fell into what they fled from, because the attribute of Allah is far above comparison. This is agreed upon unanimously among those who believe in transcendence of Allah. Especially when we say that His attribute is He Himself and that He is the Truth as it is fixed in our principles of jurisprudence.
Abu Hurayra advanced in this tradition. Sometime he narrated it as above and sometime he said: "If someone of you quarrels with another, let him avoid the face because Allah had created Adam according to His image." 1 Sometime he said: "If someone of you hits another, let avoid the face and not say: May Allah uglify your face and the face of whoever looks like you, because Allah had created Adam according to His image." 2
It was clear that he closed the way before his defenders to recede to any of the two interpretations. The pronoun his in (according to his image) could not refer to Adam in either of the two traditions but it must refer to Allah in order to correct the meaning of the traditions. One might justify forbidding to hit or uglify the face. 3 Creating Adam as a living, hearing, seeing, talking, perceiving, willing and unwilling creature does not make it necessary to preserve the face rather than the other organs. To interpret the two traditions according to either of these interpretations was invalid. In fact these two traditions had no
1. Muslim`s Sahih, vol.2, p.p. 397.
2. Mentioned by al.Bukhari in al-Adab al-Mufrad and by Ahmed in his Musnad,vol,2,p.p.434.
3. Iwish Abu Hurayra would justify forbidding to hit the face for its niceness and beauty and that it has the important organs, ears, eyes, nose, mouth, lips, teeth, eyebrows, front and others, because most of perceiving is by them. Hitting the face may harm them and leave them idle or disfigure the face and that will be ugly because the face is apparent and can`t be coverd.But Abu-Hurayrapreferred to distort the facts whether his partisans knew or not. We don`t have save Allah to resort to!
meaning, unless they meant the face of man for it looked like the face of Allah. Glory be to Allah, the Exalted, the Almighty! Hence the Sunni researchers who believed in transcendence of Allah became confused about the meaning of these traditions and resorted to Allah, the most Aware. 1
First: If Adam was sixty cubits long, so he must be, according to the conformity of his organs, seventeen and one seventh cubits wide. If his width was seven cubits, his length must be twenty-four and a half cubits, because the width of the normal man equals two sevenths of his length. Why did Abu Hurayra say that Adam was sixty cubits long and seven cubits width? Did Adam have an unconformable structure and a disfigured form? Certainly not! Allah said: (Certainly we created man in the best make) 95:4.
Second: The greeting of Islam was legislated when Islam came. Prophet Muhammad said: "The Jews didn't envy you a thing as much as they envied you your greeting (salaam)." 2 If salaam did not concern this umma only, the Jews would not envy it. How did Abu Hurayra say: "When Allah had created Adam, he said to him: Go to greet those angels and listen to what they will greet you with because it is your and your progenies' greeting." What would the prudent researchers say about this tradition? And what would they say about his saying that people began to grow less (in size) since then until now?
1. Imam an-Nawawi said:some of the jurisprudents refrained from interpreting all these traditions and said:We beleive thet they were true and their literal meaning was not intended.They might have suitable meanings.He said :This was the thougt of the sunni predecessors,which was more precautionary and safer...Refer to Sharh Sahih Muslim, which was printed in the margins of Sharh Sahih Muslim,which was printed in the margins of Sharh al-Bukhari,vol.12, p.p. 18. Al-Qastalani mentioned something like that in his book Irshad as-sari, vol.10, p.p.491, then he said: and this is safer. This shows that they beleived that these traditions were true.Allah forbid!(..and most surely the frailest of the houses is the spider`s house-did they but know)29:41.
2. Refer to al-Qastalani in his book irshad as-sari,vol.10,p.p.492.
2. Seeing Allah in the Day of Resurrection in different images
The two sheikhs 1 mentioned that Abu Hurayra had said: "Some people asked: "O messenger of Allah, can we see our god in the Day of Resurrection?" He said: "Would you be unable to see the sun when there were no clouds?" They said: "No, messenger of Allah." He said: "Would you be unable to see the full moon when there were no clouds?" They said: "No, messenger of Allah." He said: "You will see Allah like that in the Day of Resurrection. Allah gathers people and says: "Whoever worshipped a thing, let him follow it." Then whoever worshipped the sun, would follow the sun, whoever worshipped the moon, would follow the moon and whoever worshipped the tyrants would follow the tyrants. This umma will stay with its hypocrites. Allah comes to them in a shape different from what they know and says: "I am your god." They say: "Allah forbid! We will not leave until our god comes to us. If he comes, we will know Him." Then Allah comes to them in the shape that they know and says: "I am your god." They say: "Yes, You are our god." They follow Him. Then He creates the bridge of Hell. I am the first to cross it. The prophets pray: "O Allah, save us, save us!" The bridge has hooks like the thorns of sa'dan.2 Have you seen the sa'dan?" They said: "Yes, we have." The hooks are like the thorns of sa'dan, but no one knows how great they are save Allah. They snatch people according their deeds. Some will be perished and some will be felled then saved. When Allah finishes off the judgment among His people and wants to save from Hell whomever He wants of those, who witnessed that there was no god but Allah, He orders the angels to get them out of Hell. They will be known by the vestige of prostration (in prayers). Allah forbids Hell (fire) to burn the vestiges of prostration of man. The angels take them out of Hell. They are burnt. Water, called water of life, is poured upon them and they grow like the seed in the fertile ground. There is a man facing the fire and saying: "O my Lord, the wind of fire hurt me and its flame burnt me. Turn my face away from fire." He still
1. Al-Bukhari and Muslim.
2 .Akind of thistle found in the Arabia.
prays Allah until Allah says: "If I do that, you may ask me something else." H said: "I swear by Your glory that I won't ask You anything else." Allah turns the man's face away from fire. Then he says: "O my Lord, approach me to Paradise." Allah says: "Didn't you say not to ask me anything else? Woe to you, man! What perfidious you are!" He still prays Allah, until Allah says: "If I do that, you may ask Me something else." He says: "I swear by Your glory that I won't ask You anything else." He promises Allah with many covenants not to ask Him else than that. Allah approaches him to the gate of Paradise. When he sees what is there in Paradise, he becomes quiet for a period of time then he says: "O my Lord, let me enter into Paradise." Allah says: "Didn't you promise not to ask Me else than that? Woe to you, man! What perfidious you are!" He says: "O my Lord, don't make me the most miserable of Your people." He still prays Allah, until Allah (laughs)!! When Allah laughs at him, He permits him to enter into Paradise. When he enters into Paradise, he is asked to wish what he likes. He wishes. Then he is asked to wish. He wishes until he does not find anything to wish. Allah says to him: "All this is for you and else as much as it."
Muslim mentioned the tradition from another way 1 that Abu Hurayra said: "Allah comes to this umma that has pious and lewd people in the Day of Resurrection in a shape different from His shape that they saw before, saying to them: "I am your Lord." They say: "Allah forbid!" He says: "Is there a special sign between you and Him by which you know Him?" They say: "Yes, There is." Then He bares a leg. Whoever prostrated faithfully (in the worldly life) for the sake of Allah, Allah permits him to prostrate and whoever prostrated in hypocrisy and dissimulation, Allah makes his back as one layer that whenever he wants to prostrate, he falls on his back. Then they raise their heads and see that Allah has turned into His shape that they saw at the first time. He says: "I am your Lord." They say: "Yes, You are." Allah creates a bridge on Hell…etc." It was a long tradition but al-Bukhari summarized it
1. Sahih of Muslim, vol. 1, p.p.88.
when he interpreted sura of Noon in his Sahih. 1 The text of the tradition is as the following: "I (Abu Hurayra) heard the Prophet (s) saying: "Our Lord bares his leg and every believer, men and women, will prostrate in front of Him, while he, who prostrated in hypocrisy and dissimulation in the worldly life, goes to prostrate but he cant for that his back becomes as one layer."
It is a terrible tradition. I want to ask the learned and educated people if it is acceptable for them that Allah may have different shapes, which people denies some and know the others! Does Allah have a leg to be a distinctive mark leading to know Him? Why is it the leg and no any other organ? Is it possible to ascribe to Allah laughing or coming and going in movement? Is this speech rational? Is it like the Prophet's speech? Certainly not! I swear by Who had sent him with the rightness (..An Apostle from among themselves, reciting to them His communications and purifying them, and teaching them the Book and the wisdom, although before that they were surely in manifest error) 3:164.